Manner of Articulation

The process by which the moving column of air is

shaped is called the manner of articulation. For English,

these are:

Stops: /p, t, k, b, d, g/

Fricatives: /f, v, θ, ð, s, z, ʃ, ʒ,  h/

Affricates: /ʧ, ʤ/

Nasals: /m, n,ŋ/ (sometimes called nasal stops)


Liquids: /l, r/

Glides: /w, y, hw/