Republic of Chile Rebública de Chile

Things to Know

Chile, a Spanish-speaking country in South America. 

Capital: Santiago
Due to its geographic location, Santiago is one of the few capital cities in the world which has easy access both to ski slopes and beaches.

Map of Chile

Don Pedro de Valdivia, the founder of Santiago and conqueror of Chile.

Currency: pesos

Language: Spanish
Visit Living Language to learn some Spanish words.

Religions: Roman Catholic 89%, Protestant 11%


For centuries, Chileans have used llamas to carry their goods.
The llama is believed to have originated from the guanaco and the alpaca from the vicuña.

One of Chile’s native animals, called the rhea, is a huge flightless bird like the ostrich. It is one of the largest birds of South America.

In Central and Southern Chile there are flamingos, pelicans, penguins, otters and sea lions.


Ferdinand Magellan Portuguese explorer who led the first expedition that sailed around the Earth (1519-1522). Magellan also named the Pacific Ocean and discovered the Magellanic Islands including Tierra Del Fuego in 1520.

An old copy of Ferdinand Magellan’s charts.

Dagoberto Godoy a Chilean army lieutenant He was the first person to fly across the Andes Mountains in 1918.


Desert in north; cool and damp in the south.


Chile lies between the Pacific Ocean and the giant Andes Mountains on the South American continent. Chile stretches over 4,300 km (2,700 mi) along the southwestern coast of South America. At the same time, its width never exceeds 240 km (150 mi), making the country more than eighteen times longer than its widest point. Chile is the longest and narrowest country on the planet. 

Chile has one of the world’s most dangerous coastlines and the Chilean navy operates one of the world’s most active lighthouse services. Chile is among the top fishing countries in the world.

Chile is bordered on the east by the Andes Mountains and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. To the north the land becomes more arid, until one reaches the forbidding Atacama Desert, one of the most inhospitable regions on earth.

In the center of the country is a long river valley, a five hundred mile corridor occupied in the north by vineyards and great farms and in the south by primeval forests and lakes. Santiago, the capital, is located in this central valley.

To the south is the Chilean Patagonia a land of islands, glaciers, icebergs and mountains.

Cape Horn, the southernmost point in the Americas, where the Pacific and Atlantic oceans turbulently meet, is Chilean territory. Before the opening of the Panama Canal, ships sailed from the east coast to the west coast of North or South America via Cape Horn.

Chile also lays claim to the offshore territories of Easter Island, Juan Fernández, and half of the southern island of Tierra del Fuego (which it shares with Argentina). Chile’s Easter Island is in the Pacific, far away from the Chilean coast. The island’s strange ancient statues stand 30 feet (9 m) tall, but why they were built is a mystery.


The “Copihue“, the National Flower
Includes the “Legend of the origin of the Copihue” and other National Chilean Symbols.

Chilean plant life includes stands of araucaria (the monkey-puzzle tree), cypress and rare alerce trees (similar to the giant redwoods of California).


Move The Moai Game
You’re the boss of Easter Island. Can you move the statue?


Myths and Legends from Chile
Each myth or legend contains a picture of the work of Chilean artist Marcela Donoso.

Sites to See

Chiloe Stories
A small archipelago off the coast of Chile. Including history, mythology, stories, songs, and pictures.

Ancient Americas
Odyssey Online, an exploration of the cultures of the ancient Central and South Americans.

Color Pages


Chile Flag


Applique wall hangings

Kite flying is a favorite Chilean hobby.

Virtual Kite Zoo


Chile Flag


La Cueca is the National Dance of Chile


Recipes From Chile

Chilean Fresh Fruit website Recipes

Wallpapers & Screensavers

Chile Wallpaper

Fun Facts

Calama, a town located in the Atacama Desert is the driest place in the
world because it has never rained there.