REPORTED SPEECH

  • WHEN WE WANT TO SAY WHAT SOMEONE SAID, WE CAN USE THE PERSON`S EXACT WORDS:
  • JOHN SAID “I WANT TO BE AN ACTOR”.-DIRECT SPEECH
  • OR WE CAN USE REPORTED SPEECH:
  • JOHN SAID (THAT) HE WANTED TO BE AN ACTOR.-REPORTED SPEECH
  • IN REPORTED SPEECH THE VERB CHANGES.IT MOVES ONE TENSE BACK.
  • IF WE STATE WHO YOU ARE TALKING TO, USE TELL.
  • TELL IS TRANSITIVE VERB AND MUST HAVE A DIRECT OBJECT:
  • TOM TOLD ME THE HE HAD A GREAT NEW ACTING JOB.
  • IF YOU DON`T STATE WHO YOU ARE TALKING TO, USE SAY.
  • SAY IS AN INTRANSITIVE VERB AND CANNOT HAVE A DIRECT OBJECT.
  • TOM SAID THAT HE HAD AUDITIONED FOR THE PART.
  • YOU CAN USE SOME OTHER VERBS IN REPORTED SPEECH.SOMETIMES THE SENTENCE STRUCTURE IS DIFFERENT BUT THE FOLLOWING VERBS CAN BE USED WITH THE SAME STRUCTURE AS SAY, ADMIT, EXPLAIN, COMPLAIN, SUGGEST.
  • YES/ NO QUESTIONS
  • SUBJECT + ASK (SOMEBODY) + SUBJECT + VERB (ONE TENSE BACK FROM DIRECT SPEECH):
  • DIRECT SPEECH-“HAVE YOU SEEN THE NEW ALMODÒVAR MOVIE?”
  • REPORTED SPEECH-HE ASKED (ME) IF I`D SEEN THE NEW ALMODÒVAR MOVIE?
  • WH-QUESTIONS
  • SUBJECT + ASK (SOMEBODY) +WH + SUBJECT + VERB (ONE TENSE BACK FROM DIRECT SPEECH):
  • DIRECT SPEECH: “WHERE DOES HE LIVE?”
  • REPORTED SPEECH-SHE ASKED (ME) WHERE HE LIVED.
  • IN REPORTED QUESTIONS, THE WORD ORDER IS THE SAME AS IN A NORMAL SENTENCE;WE DO NOT USE THE AUXILIARES DO / DOES, AND THE SUBJECT COMES BEFORE THE VERB:
  • HE ASKED ME WHAT TIME DO THE STORES CLOSE (WRONG)
  • HE ASKED ME WHAT TIME THE STORES CLOSED (RIGHT)
  • IT IS IMPORTANT TO PAY ATTENTION TO THE PRO0NOUNS AND CHANGE THEM IF NECESSARY:
  • DIRECT SPEECH- ” HOW LONG DID YOU LIVE THERE?”
  • REPORTED SPEECH- THEY ASKED HER HOW LONG YOU`D LIVED THERE (WRONG)
  • THEY ASKED HER HOW LONG SHE`D LIVED THERE (RIGHT)
  • ELEVATOR 3.LANGUAGE LIFT.RICHMOND PUBLISHING