Verb patterns: gerunds and infinitives

  • The gerund is the name for the –ing form of a verb when it is used as a noun.
  • Some verbs are followed by the gerund and some by the infinitive with to. Some can be followed by both.
Verbs followed by gerund Verbs followed by infinitive Verbs followed by gerund or infinitive
Avoid

Consider

Dislike /don`t like

Enjoy

Fancy

Finish

Keep

Like

Mind

Start

Stop

suggest

Agree

Be allowed

Decide

Expect

Forget

Hope

Learn (how)

Offer

Promise

Turn out

Want

Would like

Begin

Continue

Hate

Love

start

  • We can use infinitives after adjectives:

It`s hard / difficult to understand what you are saying.

It`s better to have money than love.

  • If a verb comes after a preposition (in, at, on, for, etc.).We use the gerund:

He`s very good at learning languages.

What are the advantages of living in the city?

  • The gerund can be used as the subject of a sentence:
  • Dating is a waste of time.I never meet anyone I like.
  • Cheating on your girlfriend is the worst thing you can do.