Verb patterns: gerunds and infinitives
- The gerund is the name for the –ing form of a verb when it is used as a noun.
- Some verbs are followed by the gerund and some by the infinitive with to. Some can be followed by both.
|Verbs followed by gerund||Verbs followed by infinitive||Verbs followed by gerund or infinitive|
Dislike /don`t like
- We can use infinitives after adjectives:
It`s hard / difficult to understand what you are saying.
It`s better to have money than love.
- If a verb comes after a preposition (in, at, on, for, etc.).We use the gerund:
He`s very good at learning languages.
What are the advantages of living in the city?
- The gerund can be used as the subject of a sentence:
- Dating is a waste of time.I never meet anyone I like.
- Cheating on your girlfriend is the worst thing you can do.