VISIT THIS LINK AND YOU WILL FIND A LOT OF INFORMATION ABOUT CHILE.
Republic of Chile Rebública de Chile
Things to Know
Chile, a Spanish-speaking country in South America.
Due to its geographic location, Santiago is one of the few capital cities in the world which has easy access both to ski slopes and beaches.
Don Pedro de Valdivia, the founder of Santiago and conqueror of Chile.
Visit Living Language to learn some Spanish words.
Religions: Roman Catholic 89%, Protestant 11%
One of Chile’s native animals, called the rhea, is a huge flightless bird like the ostrich. It is one of the largest birds of South America.
Ferdinand Magellan Portuguese explorer who led the first expedition that sailed around the Earth (1519-1522). Magellan also named the Pacific Ocean and discovered the Magellanic Islands including Tierra Del Fuego in 1520.
An old copy of Ferdinand Magellan’s charts.
Dagoberto Godoy a Chilean army lieutenant He was the first person to fly across the Andes Mountains in 1918.
Desert in north; cool and damp in the south.
Prints Available at AllPosters
Chile lies between the Pacific Ocean and the giant Andes Mountains on the South American continent. Chile stretches over 4,300 km (2,700 mi) along the southwestern coast of South America. At the same time, its width never exceeds 240 km (150 mi), making the country more than eighteen times longer than its widest point. Chile is the longest and narrowest country on the planet.
Chile has one of the world’s most dangerous coastlines and the Chilean navy operates one of the world’s most active lighthouse services. Chile is among the top fishing countries in the world.
Chile is bordered on the east by the Andes Mountains and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. To the north the land becomes more arid, until one reaches the forbidding Atacama Desert, one of the most inhospitable regions on earth.
In the center of the country is a long river valley, a five hundred mile corridor occupied in the north by vineyards and great farms and in the south by primeval forests and lakes. Santiago, the capital, is located in this central valley.
To the south is the Chilean Patagonia a land of islands, glaciers, icebergs and mountains.
Cape Horn, the southernmost point in the Americas, where the Pacific and Atlantic oceans turbulently meet, is Chilean territory. Before the opening of the Panama Canal, ships sailed from the east coast to the west coast of North or South America via Cape Horn.
Chile also lays claim to the offshore territories of Easter Island, Juan Fernández, and half of the southern island of Tierra del Fuego (which it shares with Argentina). Chile’s Easter Island is in the Pacific, far away from the Chilean coast. The island’s strange ancient statues stand 30 feet (9 m) tall, but why they were built is a mystery.
The “Copihue“, the National Flower
Includes the “Legend of the origin of the Copihue” and other National Chilean Symbols.
Move The Moai Game
You’re the boss of Easter Island. Can you move the statue?
Myths and Legends from Chile
Each myth or legend contains a picture of the work of Chilean artist Marcela Donoso.
Sites to See
A small archipelago off the coast of Chile. Including history, mythology, stories, songs, and pictures.
Odyssey Online, an exploration of the cultures of the ancient Central and South Americans.
Kite flying is a favorite Chilean hobby.
Virtual Kite Zoo
La Cueca is the National Dance of Chile
Chilean Fresh Fruit website Recipes
Wallpapers & Screensavers
Calama, a town located in the Atacama Desert is the driest place in the
world because it has never rained there.
THE WISE OWL http://www.englishclub.com/listening/
A wise old owl
Sat in an oak.
The more he saw,
The less he spoke.
The less he spoke,
The more he heard.
Why can’t we be like
That wise old bird?
What Is Listening?
“Listening” is receiving language through the ears. Listening involves identifying the sounds of speech and processing them into words and sentences. When we listen, we use our ears to receive individual sounds (letters, stress, rhythm and pauses) and we use our brain to convert these into messages that mean something to us.
Listening in any language requires focus and attention. It is a skill that some people need to work at harder than others. People who have difficulty concentrating are typically poor listeners. Listening in a second language requires even greater focus.
Like babies, we learn this skill by listening to people who already know how to speak the language. This may or may not include native speakers. For practice, you can listen to live or recorded voices. The most important thing is to listen to a variety of voices as often as you can.
Do you want to improve your English listening skills? What about your spelling, writing, and typing skills? Dictations can help in many ways. They even help you learn new vocabulary in context.
The English Club dictations come in three different levels. Try the short dictations first and work your way up. The directions are only there to guide you. You can listen to the dictations as many times as you need to.
Very brief recordings of one or two lines for beginners.
2 Numbers and Letters
The Celtic Viol (Vol. 2) / Treble Viol & Lyra Viol, Airs and dances / J…: http://youtu.be/gdDwuQ81fYc vía @youtube
|Celtic Britain||Who were they?||Where did they come from?|
|(The Iron Age)
c. 600 BC – 50 AD
|The Iron Age is the age of the “Celt” in Britain. Over the 500 or so years leading up to the first Roman invasion a Celtic culture established itself throughout the British Isles. Who were these Celts?
For a start, the concept of a “Celtic” people is a modern and somewhat romantic reinterpretation of history. The “Celts” were warring tribes who certainly wouldn’t have seen themselves as one people at the time.
The “Celts” as we traditionaly regard them exist largely in the magnificence of their art and the words of the Romans who fought them. The trouble with the reports of the Romans is that they were a mix of reportage and political propaganda. It was politically expedient for the Celtic peoples to be coloured as barbarians and the Romans as a great civilizing force. And history written by the winners is always suspect.
|What we do know is that the people we call Celts gradually infiltrated Britain over the course of the centuries between about 500 and 100 B.C. There was probably never an organized Celtic invasion; for one thing the Celts were so fragmented and given to fighting among themselves that the idea of a concerted invasion would have been ludicrous.
The Celts were a group of peoples loosely tied by similar language, religion, and cultural expression. They were not centrally governed, and quite as happy to fight each other as any non-Celt. They were warriors, living for the glories of battle and plunder. They were also the people who brought iron working to the British Isles.
|Celtic family life.||Farming.|
|The basic unit of Celtic life was the clan, a sort of extended family. The term “family” is a bit misleading, for by all accounts the Celts practiced a peculiar form of child rearing; they didn’t rear them, they farmed them out. Children were actually raised by foster parents. The foster father was often the brother of the birth-mother. Got it?
Clans were bound together very loosely with other clans into tribes, each of which had its own social structure and customs, and possibly its own local gods.
|The Celts were farmers when they weren’t fighting. One of the interesting innovations that they brought to Britain was the iron plough. Earlier ploughs had been awkward affairs, basically a stick with a pointed end harnessed behind two oxen. They were suitable only for ploughing the light upland soils. The heavier iron ploughs constituted an agricultural revolution all by themselves, for they made it possible for the first time to cultivate the rich valley and lowland soils. They came with a price, though. It generally required a team of eight oxen to pull the plough, so to avoid the difficulty of turning that large a team, Celtic fields tended to be long and narrow, a pattern that can still be seen in some parts of the country today.|
About 1000 AD, the world’s climate got a few degrees warmer, and this climate change brought many other changes with it. In North America, Tuniit moved south from the Arctic into Greenland, and then they were wiped out by the Inuit, who were also on the move. Vikings from northern Europe also took advantage of the warmer weather to settle in Greenland and Nova Scotia.
Further south in North America, the Mississippian culture replaced theHopewell, building walled towns and earth mounds from Wisconsin to Florida. In Central America, the Moche culture collapsed, and the Maya seem to have begun a decline after 900 AD, building fewer buildings and carving hardly any inscriptions, but the Zapotec continued their civilization.
Across the Pacific in China, the T’ang Dynasty collapsed about 800 AD, but China stayed more or less unified under the Sung Dynasty. In India, the Chola kings ruled the south, while Rajput kings in the north spent a lot of time fighting off Arab invasions from West Asia.
In West Asia and Africa, the Arab empire also collapsed into smaller kingdoms ruled by different dynasties. The Turks took over Baghdad, the old capital, and theFatimid dynasty took over Egypt. But many scientific discoveries happened in these small kingdoms: about 850, Arabic scholars invented algebra, and about 1000 AD, the first glass mirrors. There were small Islamic kingdoms in West Africa, and along the East African coast Indian and Arab traders brought the Islamic faith.
When Charlemagne died in the 800s, his sons split up his European empire, and soon it fell apart into (roughly) the modern states ofFrance and Germany. TheLombards ruled Italy, and the Slavsruled Eastern Europe.
Just as the warmer climate encouraged some Vikings to sail to Greenland and Nova Scotia, it also encouraged other Vikings to head south and east. Some Vikings settled in Russia. Some Vikings settled in northern France about 1000 AD, and from there invaded England in 1066 and Sicily a little later.
In the name of Christianity, these same Vikings and their friends launched theFirst Crusade in 1096, where the French, English, and Germans united to try to capture Jerusalem and the Mediterranean coast from the Fatimids. The Christians succeeded in taking Jerusalem, and the Crusaders established a kingdom along the coast.